A mental disorder or mental illness is a psychological pattern or anomaly, potentially reflected in behavior, that is generally associated with distress or disability, and which is not considered part of normal development in a person's culture. Mental disorders are generally defined by a combination of how a person feels, acts, thinks or perceives. This may be associated with particular regions or functions of the brain or rest of the nervous, often in a social context.
The causes of mental disorders are varied and in some cases unclear, and theories may incorporate findings from a range of fields. Services are available in psychiatric rehabilitation centre and assessments are carried out by psychiatrists, psychologists and social workers, using various methods but often relying on observation and questioning. Clinical treatments are provided by various mental health professionals. Psychotherapy and psychiatric medication are two major treatment options.
Problems of Mental Illness
Signs and symptoms of mental illness can vary, depending on the particular disorder, circumstances and other factors. Mental illness symptoms can affect emotions, thoughts and behaviors.
Examples of signs and symptoms include
- Feeling sad or down
- Confused thinking or reduced ability to concentrate
- Excessive fears or worries
- Extreme mood changes of highs and lows
- Withdrawal from friends and activities
- Significant tiredness, low energy or problems sleeping
- Detachment from reality (delusions), paranoia or hallucinations
- Inability to cope with daily problems or stress
- Extreme feelings of guilt
- Alcohol or drug abuse
- Major changes in eating habits
- Sex drive changes
- Excessive anger, hostility or violence
- Suicidal thinking
Sometimes symptoms of a mental health disorder appear as physical problems, such as abdominal pain, back pain, headache, or other unexplained aches and pains.
The major types of psychiatric problems are
- Schizophrenic Disorders
- Bipolar disorder
- Serious depressive episode with psychotic symptoms
- Depressive disorders
- Compulsive Obsessive Disorder(OCD)
- Personality Disorders
- Anxiety Disorders
- Autistic Disorders
- Substance abuse with associated psychiatric problems
- Alcohol with associated psychiatric problems
Every person deserves to lead a successful and satisfied life. We are committed to promoting recovery, full community integration and improved quality of life for persons who have been diagnosed with any mental health condition that seriously impairs functioning. We believe that Psychiatric Rehabilitation Services are collaborative, person directed, and individualized and certainly an essential element of the human services spectrum. The focus of psychiatric rehabilitation services is on helping individuals rediscover skills and access resources needed to increase their capacity to be successful and satisfied in the living, working, and learning environments of their choice.